Rock Climbing CompanyAssociation of Mountaineering Instructors

Advanced Rope Work and Self Rescue Techniques

for Rock Climbing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Archidona climbing above the cave

 

 

 

Climbing near Malaga

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advanced Rope Work and Self-Rescue for climbers in Northern and southern Spain

 

 

Rope work and self rescue skills can help you escape from problematic situations but, even more importantly, will give you the knowledge to minimise the chances of the incident happening in the first place.

However, accidents do happen and mistakes are made; when this occurs you will be glad to have the rope work and rescue skills necessary to solve the problems that arise.

How do you rescue your partner when you are on the second pitch of a route? Can you simultaneously abseil with an injured climber? Can you pass a knot through the belay system or abseil device?

This rope rescue course is aimed at climbers who wish to learn emergency rescue and rope work skills in a practical situation and it will aim to equip you with the ability to be more self-reliant when climbing on adventurous terrain. The instruction is given from a climber's perspective - offering practical solutions to real situations using just the gear you normally carry.

 

Rates per person -full day & half day session-

full day session

1 person: €180 - 2 people: €95 - 3 people: €75 - 4 people: €65

 

1/2 day session

1 person: €140 - 2 people: €75 - 3 people: €60

 

In order to book, first you should email us with your preferred dates, level of experience, group composition and aspirations. When we receive your enquiry we will get back to you to confirm our availability for the dates you request, the cost and a course outline. If you wish to go ahead, please let us know and submitt a booking form -one form is enough for your group- We would ask you to pay a 50% deposit (or the full fee), either by bank transfer -free of charge at our end- or via Paypal subject to a 4.5% fee on the amount paid.

Please make sure you contact us before and after submitting your booking form and payment so that we can email you all the details you will need and schedule your course in our diary.

 

 

 

 

Advanced Rope Work and Self Rescue - Skills and Techniques

 

 

 

A working knowledge of rope work / self rescue techniques offers a double advantage; firstly you are less likely to get into difficult situations because you are aware of potential hazards and can arrange to minimise them. Secondly , when problems do occur, you will often have the skills to stop the situation from escalating into a more serious scenario.

 

 

What you will learn:

  • Initially, we will review basic rope handling skills as it is very important to build on your current skills.
  • Anticipating problems and preparing accordingly - avoidance is better than cure.
  • Stance management, rope work and equipment selection.
  • Situation analysis and rescue strategies - there are often several solutions to a problem, staying calm and thinking clear at this point will save time and effort later.
  • Knots & procedures - the key building blocks.
  • Escaping from the system - a key skill that gives you independence to perform more complex rescues.
  • Use of prusiks and other ascenders - choosing the best prusik knot for the job on hand and the advantages/disadvantages of various mechanical ascenders.
  • Assisting your partner, hauling and pulleys - constructing efficient pulley systems
  • Crag evacuation - hoisting, lowering and abseiling
  • Rescues involving leaders and traverses

 

The classic problems often involve stuck or damaged ropes, falling into space and unable to reach the rock, ropes being too short to reach the ground and having to ascend ropes. Less common problems include rescuing injured partners who may or may not be unconscious.

This two-day course is suitable for all climbers who have basic rope work skills and want to gain the extra skill to become more competent, independent climbers. The course is applicable to all climbing disciplines; sport, traditional single and multi pitch climbing as well as group management - every recreational climber can benefit from this training.

This rope rescue course is aimed at climbers who wish to learn emergency rescue and rope work skills in a practical situation and it will aim to equip you with the ability to be more self-reliant when climbing on adventurous terrain. The instruction is given from a climber's perspective - offering practical solutions to real situations using just the gear you normally carry.

 

This course normally lasts two days and aimed at climbers who wish to learn emergency rescue and rope work skills in a practical situation. The best ratio for instruction is 2 clients per instructor, although it is quite feasible to run it on a one to one basis.

However, dates, venues and duration of the courses are by arrangement and totally customisable. Please do not hesitate to get in touch to discuss your requirements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self Rescue - Useful Information

 

1. Always keep things simple.

When accidents happen, it is easy to lose some clarity and feel pressured to take action quickly - simple techniques that have been engrained through regular use will be the most effective in resolving the situation.

2. Always carry a pair of prusiks

Apart of being an essential back up when you are abseiling, you won't have to use them often, but when they are needed, they are invaluable. Sling your chalk bag on 5mm or 6mm accessory cord of a length long enough to form a prusik - that way there is always a spare for the team.

3. Know your prusiks.

The standard prusik knot has been pretty much superceded by the Klemheist prusik now because it can be released under load. The French prusik is also commonly used by climbers and can also be released under load, although it does have a tendency to lose shape/release a bit too easily. Too many turns on the prusik can create too much friction - normally 3 or 4 turns work well, but this depends on the diameters and condition of the ropes and prusiks being used.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Strength of

Old Climbing Equipment

 

 

Broken Quickdraw Sling and Carabiner

I am often asked about climbing equipment - what equipment people should buy, should people buy second hand equipment, does minor damage affect equipment etc.

DMM recently received an old quickdraw from a customer who wanted to know how strong their old quickdraw would be.

The quickdraw consisted of 2 DMM Lynx carabiners - one plain gate and one bent gate that the customer said was about 20 years old plus a Petzl quickdraw sling that was also difficult to age.

The plain gate carabiner (1) generally seemed to be in reasonable condition with the key exception of the latch end of the gate. The end of the gate had suffered from salt corrosion at some point in its life and now was visibly corroded and the metal was exfoliating slightly,

The second image show this in more detail - roll the mouse over the image for even more detail. This was considered serious damage as this part of the gate holds the rivet that locates into the latch in the nose and is structurally very important.

The bent gate carabiner was in quite good condition with very little visible damage and no visible corrosion.

 

Carabiner showing exfoliation corrosionThe sling was slightly faded and had some abrasion damage at the end that held the plain gate carabiner. The fibres around the abrasion were quite fluffy, but there was no obvious cutting of the fibres. Again this is a bad place to have damage because quickdraws virtually always break at the apex where the load is applied

Initially, we tensile tested the complete quickdraw using the standard carabiner test.

The first item to break was the sling (2) - this broke at the low figure of 9.23kN. It broke as expected at the apex with the abrasion damage - the 'slight fluffing' has cause a strength decrease of almost 60%.

 

We then pulled the individual carabiners.

The plain gate with corrosion damage (1) broke as expected at the gate as the rivet pulled free from the corroded gate. This carabiner broke at 12.55kN - when new it was rated 24kN, thus it had been substantially weakened, but was still suprisingly strong considering the extent of the corrosion.

The last carabiner was reassuringly strong and made a massive 27.90kN - cruising past its rating of 24kN more than 20 years after it was first made.

The morale is "visible damage relates to actual weakness - especially with fabric items".

 

Tensile Tester Reading 1Tensile Tester Reading 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prices

Rates per person -full day & half day sessions-

full day session

1 person: €180 - 2 people: €95 - 3 people: €75 - 4 people: €65

 

1/2 day session

1 person: €140 - 2 people: €75 - 3 people: €60

 

 

 

Equipment provided by Rock Climbing Company

we will provide all technical equipment for this climbing course including ropes, climbing equipment, a variety of pulleys, prusiks and jumars. We can also provide a helmet and harness for each client, but it is likeky that you will have your own harness - if not then this course is likely to be too advanced.

We will concentrate on using climbing equipment that you are likely to be carrying so prussics and a small pulley or a DMM Revolver are likely to be useful - we can supply them, but they are items you should be looking to have on your rack to get used to your own systems.

What you need to provide

you will need to provide suitable warm clothing for the time of year, bearing in mind that although we are in Spain some of the crags are quite high and out of the sun can become chilly; a light waterproof and walking boots/supportive training shoes for the approaches.

Ideally, you will need your own rock shoes as well, although we can arrange hire rock shoes if required. You will also need a rucksack (30 - 40 litre capacity) and food and drink for the day.

What is not included

prices do not include accommodation, meals or personal insurance.

We can provide accommodation in a newly renovated house which has been divided in 2 independent apartments with lovely views to the mountains - full details are in the Spanish Accommodation section.

Ratios and course sizes: Advanced Rope Work can be taught at a ratio of between 1 to 4 clients to 1 instructor.

 

 

The full terms and conditions are on the booking page

Please do not hesitate to contact us for more information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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